Nanaimo Bars


1 8-inch (20 cm) or 9-inch (23 cm) square pan



Prep Time:

20 minutes

Cook Time:

10 minutes


About this Recipe

The original Nanaimo Bar is credited to Joyce Hardcastle in 1985, who created the winning recipe by a contest hosted by the mayor of Nanaimo, British Columbia. It has now become a truly Canadian staple treat.



  • 1 cup (160 g) graham cracker crumbs
  • 3 Tbsp (15 g) cocoa powder
  • ½ tsp (2 mL) salt
  • 1 cup (100 g) sweetened flaked coconut
  • ½ cup (50 g) walnut pieces
  • 6 Tbsp (90 g) unsalted butter, melted
  • 1 large egg, lightly beaten


    • ½ cup (125 g) unsalted butter, at room temperature
    • 2 cups (260 g) icing sugar, sifted
    • 2 Tbsp (30 g) vanilla custard powder
    • pinch salt
    • 3 Tbsp (45 mL) milk
    • 1 tsp (5 mL) vanilla extract


      • 4 oz (120 g) semisweet chocolate, chopped
      • 2 Tbsp (30 g) unsalted butter
      • sea salt, for sprinkling (optional)
      Nanaimo Bars will keep for up to a week refrigerated.

      Step by Step Instructions

      Step 1

      Preheat the oven to 350 ºF (180 ºC). Lightly grease an 8-inch (20 cm) or 9-inch (23 cm) square pan and line it with parchment paper so that it comes up the sides.

      Step 2

      For the crust, combine the graham crumbs with the cocoa powder and salt, then, add the coconut & walnut pieces. Stir in the melted butter and the egg and stir until blended. Press this into the bottom of the prepared pan and bake for 12 minutes. Cool the crust completely before preparing the filling.

      Step 3

      By hand, beat the butter with 1 cup (130 g) of the icing sugar, the custard powder and a pinch of salt until smooth. Add the milk and vanilla and beat in (don’t worry if it doesn’t look smooth at this point – it will smooth out), and then beat in the remaining 1 cup (130 g) of icing sugar. Do not overbeat – the filling should be smooth but not fluffy. Spread this evenly over the cooled crust.

      Step 4

      For the topping, melt the chocolate and butter in a metal bowl placed over a pot of barely simmering water, stirring gently with a spatula until melted. Cool the chocolate slightly and then pour this over the filling, spreading to cover it. If you wish, sprinkle the top with a little sea salt. Chill the pan for about 2 hours before slicing into bars.